Generally, volunteers are not considered employees for purposes of Ohio workers' compensation. However, some volunteers performing emergency service duties must be covered under Ohio workers' compensation law. Public employers may also elect to cover certain volunteers performing non-emergency duties.
Volunteers performing emergency service duties
Volunteers, such as firefighters, who provide emergency services are covered under Ohio workers' compensation.
Examples of volunteer emergency service duties would be:
- Volunteer firefighters.
- Volunteer auxiliary police officers.
- Volunteer emergency medical technicians.
Reportable wages for volunteer emergency service personnel are subject to minimum payroll reporting requirements. You must report at least $300 per volunteer per year subject to a policy minimum of $4,500. If the volunteer's wages exceed $300, you must report their actual payroll. Employers should maintain rosters of volunteer emergency service personnel. Refer to the Public Employer Payroll Reporting Requirements page for more information.
Volunteers performing non-emergency duties
Private employers and non-profit organizations
Individuals performing non-emergency volunteer services for private employers, including for non-profit organizations such as churches, are not covered under the workers' compensation policy of that organization.
Public employers, such as state agencies and political subdivisions, may elect to cover volunteers who perform non-emergency duties. Political subdivisions include cities, counties, townships, villages, and other public employer taxing districts. Volunteers who perform non-emergency duties include persons assigned volunteer work instead of a fine or jail sentence and individuals picking up trash in parks.
Public employers may elect to cover these volunteers for workers' compensation by submitting a Contract for Coverage of State Agency or Political Subdivision (U-69) to BWC. Refer to the form for application requirements. Payroll reporting information for U-69 Contract Coverage is found on the Public Employer Payroll Reporting Requirements page.